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Fisheries Subsidies

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IISD's work on fisheries, trade and sustainable development contributes to crafting multilateral and regional trade rules and policies that support sustainable fishing. 

We are focused on supporting the current World Trade Organization negotiations to end harmful fisheries subsidies by the end of 2020, recognizing the need to restore the sustainability of fish stocks while supporting livelihoods and food security, particularly in developing countries.

  • Policy Brief
    WTO Negotiations on Fisheries Subsidies: What's the state of play?

    WTO Negotiations on Fisheries Subsidies: What's the state of play?

    With only a few months left to conclude WTO talks on fisheries subsidies, this update provides an overview of the draft consolidated text circulated by the Chair of negotiations on June 25, 2020. It highlights the key decisions WTO Members will need to make to reach an agreement. Read More
  • Report
    Determining the Status of Fish Stocks in Data-Poor Environments and Multispecies Fisheries

    Determining the Status of Fish Stocks in Data-Poor Environments and Multispecies Fisheries

    Some of the possible new World Trade Organization rules on fisheries subsidies could apply only when fish stocks are overfished or fishing is unsustainable. How can this be assessed in the context of data-poor and multispecies fisheries? Read More
  • Video
    Fisheries Subsidies Video Series

    Fisheries Subsidies Video Series

    As part of its work to support a meaningful WTO agreement to discipline harmful fisheries subsidies, the IISD has produced a series of six videos to summarize the key issues to be resolved across the WTO fisheries subsidies negotiations.  Read More
  • Blog
    How Can We Support Fisheries During the Pandemic?

    How Can We Support Fisheries During the Pandemic?

    We must aim to support businesses, incomes, and food security while creating a more sustainable future for fisheries. Read More
  • Policy Brief
    Potential Implementation Steps of a WTO Agreement on Fisheries Subsidies

    Potential Implementation Steps of a WTO Agreement on Fisheries Subsidies

    As members of the WTO negotiate new rules to curb harmful fisheries subsidies, this policy brief examines the potential steps governments could take to implement successful subsidy reform that promotes more sustainable fisheries. Read More
  • Report
    Reflections on the WTO Negotiations on Prohibiting IUU Fishing Subsidies

    Reflections on the WTO Negotiations on Prohibiting IUU Fishing Subsidies

    This policy brief discusses some of the legal issues that have emerged in the negotiation of a new rule on subsidies to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing in the context of the World Trade Organization negotiations on fisheries subsidies.  Read More
  • Blog
    Deep Dive Into Fisheries Subsidies, Part 2: Cheap gas and free nets causing problems for shrimp

    Deep Dive Into Fisheries Subsidies, Part 2: Cheap gas and free nets causing problems for shrimp

    Stories of success in Latin American fishing communities have nothing to do with the price of gas or getting cheap equipment. Instead, there must be a system that protects their business from illegal fishing. Read More
  • Discussion Paper
    Addressing the Development Dimension of an Overcapacity and Overfishing Subsidy Discipline in the WTO Fisheries Subsidies Negotiations

    Addressing the Development Dimension of an Overcapacity and Overfishing Subsidy Discipline in the WTO Fisheries Subsidies Negotiations

    This discussion paper analyzes approaches to new WTO rules on subsidies that contribute to overcapacity and overfishing in the context of development priorities. Read More
  • Report
    Exploring the Possible Impacts of WTO Rules on Fisheries Subsidies: The Case of the Southern Longline Tuna Fishery in the Western and Central Pacific

    Exploring the Possible Impacts of WTO Rules on Fisheries Subsidies: The Case of the Southern Longline Tuna Fishery in the Western and Central Pacific

    This case study explores the potential impact of new rules on fisheries subsidies on the southern longline tuna fishery in the Western and Central Pacific ocean. Read More
  • Policy Brief
    Support to Fuel Consumption for Fisheries

    Support to Fuel Consumption for Fisheries

    This policy brief provides an up-to-date evidence base for WTO negotiations on fisheries subsidies by collecting the information available on fuel support to fishing from WTO subsidy notifications, WTO trade policy reviews and the OECD’s Fisheries Support Estimate database. Read More