How big are India's oil and gas subsidies?

Currency:
 
 
IISD & CEEW, 2020. Includes only central government policiesĀ and state-level electricity price subsidies. See 'About' for more information.
Mechanisms:
 
 
 
 
 
Beneficiaries:
 
 
 
 

Policies

Currency:
 
 
IISD & CEEW, 2020. Includes only central government policiesĀ and state-level electricity price subsidies. See 'About' for more information.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mechanisms:
 
 
 
 
 
Beneficiaries:
 
 
 
 

The graphs above only show data for subsidy policies that could be quantified with access to public data. We also identified a number of subsidies that could not be quantified, due to a lack of data. For oil and gas, this included: a sales tax differential for LPG; customs duty exemption for kerosene; and 11 concessional rates or exemptions for oil and gas companies linked to research, exploration, royalties, assets, storage, supply, sales, and site restoration.