How big are India's coal subsidies?

Currency:
 
 
IISD & CEEW, 2020. Includes only central government policiesĀ and state-level electricity price subsidies. See 'About' for more information.
Mechanisms:
 
 
 
 
 
Beneficiaries:
 
 
 
 

Policies

Currency:
 
 
IISD & CEEW, 2020. Includes only central government policiesĀ and state-level electricity price subsidies. See 'About' for more information.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mechanisms:
 
 
 
 
 
Beneficiaries:
 
 
 
 

The graphs above only show data for subsidy policies that could be quantified with access to public data. We also identified a number of subsidies that could not be quantified, due to a lack of data. For coal, this included: low-interest-rate loans for coal power plants; exemption of customs duty on coal mining equipment; concessional rates for long-distance railway freight; revenue foregone from coal distribution through the Memorandum of Understanding route; compensation for land acquired for coal mining; a lack of coal sector regulator; and non-competitive pricing of coal.